If a website offers a link to a copyright work (without the author's permission), is that a form of copyright infringement? Is it a copying? Or a distribution?
What if a company offers individual subscribers their own tiny remote antennae - a small device in Brooklyn that picks up all the free-to-view broadcast TV signals in NYC - recording each subscriber's favorite broadcast TV shows and then making just those broadcast TV shows available to that unique subscriber - a form of time-shifting where a user who is traveling can watch local TV shows after they are broadcast from her discrete antenna and digital recorder? Is that Brooklyn- based company or the subscriber guilty of copyright infringement?
Here's a link to some fascinating 2016 guidance from the US copyright office.